Rajasthan is an Indian state located in the extreme northwest of the country, on the border with Pakistan. It is the largest state in the nation with more than 300,000 square kilometers, 10% of India, but ranks eighth in the ranking of most populous states with just under 70 million inhabitants. The state was formed in 1949, its capital and largest city is Jaipur and its territory includes the spectacular Thar Desert.
With its natural beauty and its long history, Rajasthan is one of the most important states in relation to tourism, and receives many visitors from inside and outside the country. Among its main attractions for tourism are the oldest archaeological ruins found in India, belonging to the Indus Valley civilization and located in the village of Kalibanga, and also Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu, the only mountain station in the state and recognized as a sacred place of pilgrimage for Jainism. Other must see attractions are the famous Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, two national tiger reserves as Ranthambore and Sariska, and a beautiful temple in Sikar district. The invaluable tourist offer also includes other wonders such as the palaces of Jaipur and Ajmer-Pushkar, the desert forts of Jodhpur and the Taragarh Fort in Bundi, the amazing lakes of Udaipur and the cities of Bikaner and Jaisalmer with its incredible buildings and historical monuments.
The Rajasthani cuisine has been influenced by the characteristics of its arid territory, characterized by its historic lack of water and fresh vegetables. Among its traditional dishes are snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia or Pyaaj Kachori and other dishes like the bread bajre ki roti and the lashun ki chutney. The state's economy is based chiefly on agriculture, with significant porducción of wheat, barley and sugarcane, while its main industries are of minerals and textiles sectors.