Surat is a port city located on the banks of the Tapti river in the Indian state of Gujarat, in the far west of the country, and is recognized as a developed, clean an fast growing metropolis. With a population of 4.5 million inhabitants is the second largest city in the state and eighth in the country, and its western border overlooks the Gulf of Khambhat, which flows into the Arabian Sea. The city is considered the world's largest producer of gems, as 92% of all diamonds in the world are cut and polished here.
Tourism is an important activity in Surat, and many visitors come to it every year attracted by its monuments and historic buildings, beaches and parks. Its main attractions are historic buildings as the Chintamani Jain Temple built in 1699, the Mugal Sarai constructed in 1644 or the Surat Fort dating from 1546, and natural areas as the Dutch Garden, the Nature Park Sarathana, the Jawaharlal Nehru Garden or the Vansda National Park. Tourism is also related to magnificent beaches like Dumas or Suvali and with cultural spaces like the Sardar Patel Museum or the Science Centre.
Surat is an ideal place to know the Surati cuisine, spicier than the rest of Gujarat food, and with traditional dishes including Ghari, Ponk, Undhiyu, Rasaawala Khaman, Ghotala and Patra macchi. The main economic activities of the city are the diamonds and textile industries, while are also important the petrochemical, steel and power industries and the port and shipping activities.