Mumbai is an Indian city capital of Maharashtra state which is situated on the west coast of the country. Recognized as the most populous city in India, and the fourth in the world with about 13 million inhabitants, the metropolitan area is home to 21 million people. Originally, the seven islands that constituted its territory were inhabited by fishermen colonies, before becoming a part of the Portuguese and later of the British empire. In the 18th century, through the Hornby Vellard project, its surface was unified into one landmass forming a natural harbor on the Arabian Sea. Today the city is the main commercial, financial and entertainment center in the country and one of the most important in Asia.
Mumbai offers countless options for tourism, with attractions such as its colonial buildings, among which are the Gateway of India, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Vastu Sanghralaya or the Mumbai University, museums like the National Gallery of Modern Art or the Nehru Science Centre, beaches as Girgaon Chowpaty, Juhu and Aksa, natural areas like the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the Kanheri Caves or the Hanging Gardens on Malabar Hill or religious buildings such as the Portuguese church at Dadar, the Haji Ali Dargah Mosque, the Dargah Sharief shrine or the Global Vipassana Pagoda. The city also hosts the country's film industry center known worldwide as Bollywood, which can be visited in the town of Goreagon and represents an important aspect of the country's culture.
Mumbai's gastronomy is characterized by gathering in their restaurants and street stalls all the flavors of India, and represents another attraction for tourism with traditional dishes like the Bombil Batata Bhaji, the Kamag Kakri or the Solachi Kadhi. The city is the financial and commercial center of the country, and its main economic activities are related with industries of port and shipping, engineering, healthcare and information technology.